Ống Kính Tilt-Shift

Take control over perspective sầu with the best tilt-shift lenses that are perfect for interiors, hàng hóa photography và architecture


The best tilt-shift lenses enable you khổng lồ tilt the angle of the optical path, relative sầu khổng lồ the image sensor. They also allow you to lớn shift the optical axis so that it’s off-centre but still parallel lớn the imaging plane. These two adjustments let you control the plane of sharp focus và correct converging verticals in architectural shots. It might sound revolutionary but, in fact, large-format film cameras were taking this sort of thing in their stride, more than a century ago.

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So what’s so special about tilt and shift? Tilting the lens enables far greater control over depth of field than simply adjusting the aperture setting, and without the latter’s restrictions on shutter tốc độ. By tilting the lens in one direction, you can gradually increase the depth of field until it’s almost infinite.

We’re seeing a growing number of ‘macro’ or ‘micro’ tilt-shift lenses from Canon and Nikon respectively, which enable as much as a 0.5x magnification ratio at their closest focus setting. These lenses therefore work very well for extreme close-up photography, where gaining sufficient depth of field is always a struggle. Tilt the lens in the opposite direction và you can make the depth of field very small, enabling a ‘toy camera’ effect.

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Tilt and shift are different

The Tilt facility certainly isn’t the only attraction of this type of lens. The shift function gives you the ability to lớn take control over perspective effects. Indeed, Nikon gives its tilt-shift lenses a PC (Perspective sầu Control) prefix. A classic use of the shift function is in architectural photography. Shoot from ground cấp độ with a regular lens and tall buildings will appear to lean inwards towards the top. By dialling in the necessary amount of shift, you can counteract the appearance of walls tapering inwards as they rise up. Another neat trichồng of applying shift is that you can shoot directly into a mirror and remove sầu yourself và the camera from the reflection.

With independent rotation mechanisms, Canon’s current lenses enable you lớn use both tilt and shift functions in either axis for both landscape and portrait orientation. That also holds true for Nikon’s newest PC 19milimet lens. However, the older Nikon PC-E lenses featured in our guide only have a single rotation mechanism. The whole lens assembly can be rotated but, by mặc định, the axes for tilt và shift functions always remain perpendicular to each other. You can have a PC-E lens reconfigured at a Nikon service centre, so that its tilt & shift functions operate on the same axis. This orientation is generally preferred by landscape photographers.

Canon và Nikon pretty much dominate this sector and at the moment, while they"re only available for each of the company"s range of DSLR cameras. We"re yet to lớn see a tilt-shift lens launched for a mirrorless camera as of yet from any of the major manufacturers. However, independent maker Samyang has a lens to fit mirrorless cameras (see below) và Laowa has recently launched the 15mm f/4.5 Zero-D shift lens that"s available for a variety of mounts, including mirrorless systems. If you"re looking for something more affordable, then there are a range of Lensbaby optics that mimic the tilt affect (though not shift movements).

Read on for more detail on what our recommendations for the best tilt-shift lens are…