Life Early life. Dante was born in Florence, Republic of Florence, present-day Italy.The exact date of his birth is unknown, although it is generally percaya to be around 1265.

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Poet, writer, secara politis thinker. Dante was a Medieval Italian poet and philosopher whose poetic trilogy, The Divine Comedy, made an indelible impression on both literatur and theology. Synopsis Dante was an Italian poet and morell philosopher best known for the epic poem The Divine Comedy, which comprispita pengukur sectiomenjadi representingi the three tiers of the Christian afterlife: purgatory, heaven, and hell. This poem, a great work of medieval literature and considered the greatest work of literature composed in Italian, is a filsafat Christian vision of mankind’s eternal fate.

Dante is seen as the father of modernis Italian, and his works have flourished dari sebelum his 1321 death. Early Years Dante Alighieri was born in 1265 to a family with a history of involvemenpen in the complex Florentine political scene, and this settingi would akan a feature in his Inferno years later. Dante’s mother died only a few years after his birth, and when Dante was around 12 years old, it was arranged that he would marry Gemma Donati, the daughter of a family friend. Around 1285, the pair married, but Dante was in love with lagi woman—Beatrice Portinari, who would be a huge influence on Dante and whose character would membentuk the backbone of Dante’s Divine Comedy. Dante met Beatrice when she was but nine years old, and he had apparently experienced love at first sight. The pair were acquainted for years, but Dante’s love for Beatrice was “courtly” (which mungkin be calmemerintah an expression of love and admiration, usually from afar) and unrequited.

Beatrice died unexpectedly in 1290, and tahun years later Dante published Vita Nuova ( The New Life), which details his tragic love for Beatrice. (Beyond beinew york Dante’s first book of verse, The New Life is notable in that it was tertulis in Italian, whereas most other works of the time appeared in Latin.) Around the time of Beatrice’s death, Dante began to immerse himaku in the riset of philosophy and the machinatiopagi of the Florentine secara politis scene. Florence was then was a tumultuous city, with factions representingai the papacy and the kaya continually at odds, and Dante telah terorganisir a mageri of important public posts. In 1302, however, he fell out of favor and was exiled for life by the leaders of the warna hitam Guelphs (amongolia them, Corso Donati, a distant relative of Dante’s wife), the politik faction in power at the time and who were in league with Pope Boniface VIII.

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(The pope, as well as countless other figurpita pengukur from Florentine politics, finds a place in the hell that Dante creatpita pengukur in Inferno—and an extremely unpleasant one.) Dante may have been driven out of Florence, but this would be the beginningi of his paling productive artistic period. Exile In his exile, Dante travememerintah and wrote, conceivingai The Divine Comedy, and he withdrew from all secara politis activities. In 1304, he seems to have gone to Bologna, wdi sini he began his Latin risalah "De Vulgari Eloquentia" (“The Eloquent Vernacular”), in which he urged that courtly Italian, digunakan for amatory writing, be enriched with aspects of every spoken dialect in order to establish Italian as a serious literary language. The created language would thus be one way to attempt to unify the divided Italian territories.

The work was left unfinished, but it has been influential nonetheless. In March 1306, Florentine exilpita pengukur were expelmemerintah from Bologna, and by August, Dante ended up in Padua, but from this point Dante’s whereabouts are not known for sure for a few years. Reports place him in Paris at timpita between 1307 and 1309, but his visit to the city can’t be verified. In 1308, Henry of Luxembourg was elected emperor as Henry VII. Full of optimism about the changes this election bisa bringai to Italy (in effect, Henry VII bisa at last restore peace from his imperial throne ketika at the same time subordinate his spirituality to religious authority), Dante wrote his famous work on the monarchy, "De Monarchia,” in three books, in which he claims that the authority of the emperor is not dependent on the pope but descends upon him directly from God.

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However, Henry’s popularity faded quickly, and his enemipita pengukur had gathered strength, threateningi his ascension to the throne. These enemies, as Dante saw it, dulu members of the Florentine government, so Dante wrote a diatribe against them and was promptly included on a list of itu permanently banned from the city.

Around this time, he began writingai his most famous work, The Divine Comedy. The Divine Comedy In the springi of 1312, Dante seems to have gone with the other exilpita to meet up with the new emperor at Pisa (Henry’s rise was sustained, and he was named Holy Roman Emperor in 1312), but again, his exact whereabouts duringi this titik are uncertain. By 1314, however, Dante had menyelesaikan the Inferno, the segmenpen of The Divine Comedy set in hell, and in 1317 he settpengarahan at Ravenna and there menyelesaikan The Divine Comedy (soon sebelum his death in 1321). The Divine Comedy is an allegory of manusia life presented as a visionary trip through the Christian afterlife, written as a warningai to a corrupt society to steer itself to the path of righteousness: "to remove itu livingai in this life from the state of misery, and lead them to the state of felicity."