BÀI TẬP VỀ DANH TỪ

Nắm vững các loại tự trong tiếng Anh là phần đặc biệt để đặt căn nguyên cho các bạn phát triển vốn ngữ pháp của chính mình về sau. Bài bác học bây giờ sẽ giúp bạn củng cố kiến thức về danh từ cũng như cách sử dụng những loại danh từ bỏ trong bài xích thi IELTS như thế nào nhằm mục tiêu học tập đúng hướng và hiệu quả hơn, ôn thi IELTS giỏi hơn.

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Bài họcngữ pháp nên chú ýkhác:

I. NOUN LÀ GÌ? VỊ TRÍ VÀ LOẠI DANH TỪ

1. Noun - Danh từ là gì?

Noun - Danh từ bỏ trong giờ đồng hồ Anh giống như với tiếng Việt dùng để chỉ sự vật, sự việc, bé người. Danh từ được sử dụng trong câu với rất nhiều vị trí không giống nhau. Danh từ chia thành 5 loại trong đó có danh tự chung,danh trường đoản cú riêng, danh trường đoản cú trừu tượng, tập hợp với danh trường đoản cú ghép.

Danh trường đoản cú trong giờ đồng hồ Anh biệt lập danh trường đoản cú đếm được cùng không đếm được. Ví dụ như sau:

Countable nouns (Danh từ đếm được)

-Tồn tại ở cả hai dạng: số ít cùng số những (a house, some houses). Tuy nhiên, bao hàm danh trường đoản cú chỉ bao gồm dạng số nhiều (socks, trousers).

- những danh trường đoản cú này hoàn toàn có thể được phân chia động từ số không nhiều hoặc số nhiều.

E.g: The house is big.

The houses in the neighborhood are very big.

- những danh từ bỏ này rất có thể được thay thế sửa chữa bằng đại tự số không nhiều hoặc số nhiều.

E.g: The notebook is Jack’s. It is so beautiful!

These notebooks are Jack’s. They are so colorful!

- Dạng số không nhiều của danh từ có thể đứng sau các mạo từ a, an, the. (a bike, an apple, the tree)

Uncountable nouns (Danh từ không đếm được)

- Có một vài danh từ ko đếm được có dạng số nhiều (maths, physics, news).

- Chỉ được chia động từ số ít.

E.g: The news brings sadness to me and my friends.

- Chỉ hoàn toàn có thể được thay thế sửa chữa bằng đại trường đoản cú số ít.

E.g: My most favorite subject is Physics. It is so interesting.

- Chỉ có thể đo đếm qua các đơn vị đo lường rõ ràng và đếm được (a bottle of water, a piece of paper, a bar of soap)

- bắt buộc đứng sau những mạo từ a, an. (hair, không phải a hair)

2. địa chỉ trong câu

- Danh trường đoản cú là công ty ngữ đứng trước rượu cồn từ chính.

Ví dụ: Approximately 2000 people went khổng lồ the concert.

- Danh từ bỏ là tân ngữ (direct object) che khuất động tự chính.

Ví dụ: Doing exercise brings many benefits to our health.

- Danh từ là tân ngữ của giới trường đoản cú (object of preposition) đứng trong cụm giới từ.

Ví dụ: Global warming has affected the lives of many people on Earth.

3. Phân các loại danh từ

Trong giờ đồng hồ Anh, danh từ được phân thành 5 loại cơ phiên bản như sau:

Loại danh từ

Giải thích

Ví dụ

Proper nouns

(Danh tự riêng)

Chỉ tên riêng biệt của người, địa điểm, vật.

Paris, Gordon Ramsay, Eiffel Tower,…

Common nouns

(Danh từ chung)

Chỉ tên của một vật bình thường chung.

Computer, food, vehicle,…

Abstract nouns

(Danh tự trừu tượng)

Chỉ phần đa thứ trừu tượng không nhìn thấy được bởi mắt hay nhưng có thể cảm dìm được.

Knowledge, love, sympathy

Collective nouns

(Danh tự tập hợp)

Chỉ tên một tập hợp những cá thể không giống nhau.

Class, group, gang.

Compound nouns

(Danh tự ghép)

Là những danh từ bỏ được ghép lại với nhau để tạo thành 1 danh từ khác.

Motorcycle, bedroom.

II. CÁCH HÌNH THÀNH DANH TỪ

1. Tạo danh trường đoản cú từ các hậu tố

STT

Hậu tố

Danh từ

1

ant

Assist -> Assistant

2

– ance/ ence

Maintain -> Maintenance

Prefer -> Preference

3

– ion

Industrialize -> Industrialization

4

– ure

Fail -> Failure

5

– ment

Disagree -> Disagreement

6

ism

Captial -> Capitalism

7

ship

Friend -> Friendship

8

– ness

Happy -> Happiness

9

– ity/- ty/-y

Identify -> Identity

10

– th

Wide -> Width

11

– ery

Bake -> Bakery

2. Chế tạo danh nhàn hạ danh từ

(A/an/the) + Noun1 + Noun2

Noun1: Đóng sứ mệnh như tính từ vấp ngã nghĩa mang đến Noun2

Noun2: Danh từ chính

Ví dụ: The city center (Trung thực lòng phố)

A taxi driver (Người lái xe taxi)

3. Sản xuất danh từ tốn V-ing

Những danh từ bao gồm V-ing đứng trước thường để biểu hiện mục đích thực hiện của danh từ đó.

Ví dụ: A frying pan (= a pan used for frying)

A washing machine (= a machine used for washing clothes)

4. Chế tác danh nhàn rỗi số đếm (Dạng: Number + Noun + Noun)

Ví dụ: A ten-hour flight (Chuyến bay kéo dài 10 tiếng)

A seven-storey building (Tòa nhà cao 7 tầng)

A four hundred-page dictionary (Quyển từ điển dày 400 trang)

A ten-year old boy (Cậu bé xíu 10 tuổi)

Lưu ý:

Danh từ đứng ngay tức khắc sau số đếm với dấu gạch ngang Ở DẠNG SỐ ÍT. (A ten-year old boy)

*

III. LUYỆN TẬP

Exercise 1: mang đến dạng đúng của các từ vào ngoặc ở đều câu dưới đây.

1. Detroit is renowned for the _____________ of car. (produce)

2. If you make a good ________________ at the interview, you will get the job. (impress)

3. The _________________ looked dark and there were hardly any other guests. (enter)

4. My history teacher has a vast ________________ of past events. (know)

5. You are never too old to lớn go lớn college and gain some _______________. ( qualify)

6. My greatest ________________ was graduating from university. (achieve)

7. The weatherman said there is a strong _______________ of rain today. (possible)

8. Despite her severe _________________, she fulfilled her goals in life. (disable)

9. I am really into eating dairy______________. (produce)

10. Due to lớn the pilot"s _____________, the copilot managed lớn land safely. (guide)

Exercise 2: Chọn dạng phù hợp của danh từ trong những chố trống sau để chế tạo thành một bài xích IELTS Writing task 2 trả chỉnh.

Some people believe that developments in the field of artificial intelligence will have a positive impact on our lives in the near future. Others, by contrast, are worried that we are not prepared for a world in which computers are more intelligent than humans. Discuss both of these views & give your own opinion.

People seem lớn be either excited or worried about the future impact of artificial (1-intelligent)………... Personally I can understand the two (2-oppose)……….points of view; I am both fascinated by developments in artificial intelligence and apprehensive about its possible negative effects.

On the one hand, the increasing intelligence of giải pháp công nghệ should bring some obvious benefits. Machines are clearly able to vày many jobs better than humans can, especially in areas that require high levels of (3-accurate)…………or calculations using large amounts of data. For example, robots are being developed that can carry out surgical procedures with greater (4-precise)………..than a human doctor, & we already have cars that use sensors và cameras to lớn drive themselves. Such technologies can improve safety by reducing the (5-likely)…………..of human errors. It is easy lớn imagine how these developments, and many others, will steadily improve our chất lượng of life.

On the other hand, I giới thiệu the concerns of people who believe that artificial intelligence may harm us if we are not careful. In the short term, it is likely that we will see a rise in (6-employ)…………..as workers in various industries are replaced by machines or software programs. For example, self-driving vehicles are expected khổng lồ cause (7-redundant)…………….in driving jobs, such as lorry drivers, taxi drivers and bus drivers. In the medium term, if intelligent technologies gradually take jobs away from humans, we may find that people become deskilled and lose their sense of purpose in life. A longer term fear is that computers become so intelligent that they begin lớn make (8-decide)…………without human oversight & without regard for our well-being.

In conclusion, while intelligent machines will no doubt improve our lives in many ways, the potential risks of such technologies should not be ignored.

Exercise 3: Đoạn văn sau bao hàm 3 lỗi sai. Tìm cùng sửa chúng.

In many city all over the world, spectacular fireworks displays take place as soon as the clock passes midnight on 31 December. In recent years, Sydney in australia has been the host to lớn one of the first of these celebrate as New Year arrives there before most other major international cities. The display takes place in Sydney Harbor, with the Opera House & Harbor Bridge making it a stunning set. Fireworks light up the skies in hundreds of cities as 12 midnight strikes around the globe.

1………………. 2………………. 3………………….

Exercise 4: phụ thuộc những từ mang đến sẵn, hãy viết thành câu trả chỉnh.

1. The bar chart/ illustrate/ gross domestic sản phẩm generated from the IT and Service Industry/the UK from 1992 to lớn 2000. ………………………………………………………………………………………..

2. It is measured in percentages. Overall, it can be seen/ both increase/ as a percentage/ GDP, but/ IT/ remain/ at/ higher rate throughout/ time.………………………………………………………………………………………..

3. At/ beginning/ the/ period, in 1992, the Service Industry account/ for/ 4 per cent/ GDP, whereas IT exceed/ this, at just over 6 per cent. ………………………………………………………………………………………..

4. Over/ next four/ year/, the levels become/ more/ similar, with/ both/ components/ standing/ between 6 / just/ over/ 8 per cent. ………………………………………………………………………………………..

5. IT/ still/ higher/ overall, though it/ drop/ slightly/ 1994/ 1996.……………………………………………………………………………………….. 

Exercise 5: mỗi câu sau cất một lỗi sai. Tìm và sửa chúng.

1. There are many dirts on the floor.…………………………………………2. We want more fuels than that.…………………………………………3. He drank two milks.…………………………………………4. Ten inks are needed for our class.…………………………………………5. He sent me many foods.…………………………………………6. Many golds are found there.…………………………………………7. He gave me a great giảm giá of troubles.…………………………………………8. Cows eat grasses.…………………………………………9. The rain has left many waters.…………………………………………10. I didn"t have many luggages.…………………………………………

Exercise 6: Chọn giải đáp đúng cho từng câu sau.

1. If you want to lớn hear the news, you can read (paper/ a paper).

2. I want to write some letters but I haven"t got (a paper/ any paper) to write on.

3. I thought there was somebody in the house because there was (light/a light) on inside.

4. (Light/a light) comes from the sun.

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5. I was in a hurry this morning. I didn"t have (time/ a time) for breakfast.

6. "Did you enjoy your holiday?" - "Yes, we had (wonderful time/ a wonderful time)."

7. Sue was very helpful. She gives us some very useful (advice/advices).

8. We had (very bad weather/a very bad weather) while we were on holiday.

9. We were very unfortunate. We had (bad luck/a bad luck).

10. It"s very difficult to lớn find a (work/job) at the moment.

11. I had to buy (a/some) bread because I wanted khổng lồ make some sandwiches.

12. Bad news (don"t/doesn"t) make people happy.

13. (Your hair is/ your hairs) are too long. You should have (it/them) cut.

14. Nobody was hurt in the accident but (the damage / the damages) to the oto (was/were) quite bad.

15. She gives me (a piece of advice/ an advice) about this.

Exercise 7: Điền mạo từ tương thích vào rất nhiều chỗ trống sau.

(1)……………..bar chart shows the number of British people who emigrated to lớn five destinations over (2)…………….period 2004 lớn 2007. It is evident from the chart that throughout the period, the most popular place to lớn move khổng lồ was Australia.

Emigration to australia stood at just over 40,000 people in 2004, which was approximately 6,000 higher than for Spain, và twice as high as the other three countries. Apart from a jump to lớn around 52,000 in 2006, it remained around this level throughout the period.

(3)…………….next most popular country for Britons to move khổng lồ was (4)………….Spain, though its popularity declined over the time frame to finish at below 30,000 in 2007. Despite this, the figure was still higher than for the remaining three countries. Approximately 20,000 people emigrated lớn New Zealand each year, while the USA fluctuated between 20-25,000 people over the period.

Although (5)………….number of visitors khổng lồ France spiked to lớn nearly 35,000 in 2005, it was the country that was the least popular to lớn emigrate to at the end of the period, at just under 20,000 people.

Exercise 8: Điền mạo từ phù hợp vào địa điểm trống để chế tác thành một bài bác Writing task 2 hoàn chỉnh.

There are several reasons that are causing the environmental harms và this has become (1)………….urgent issue to lớn discuss & bring (2)……………..solution about. The number of ever increasing cars is one of (3)…………….reasons that leads khổng lồ affect the environment negatively & there are some assumptions that increasing the fuel price would solve this problem. But the reality would be different, và increased fuel price will cause lots of other problems while it would contribute very little khổng lồ reduce the environmental pollutions and hazards. So this can’t be the best solution in any way.

First of all, the maximum numbers of cars are owned by the rich people & fuel price would not restrain them from using the cars. The price of (4)…………..fuel, in fact, increased significantly over the past 12 years & that has done nothing to lớn reduce the oto usages. On the contrary, the number of cars running on the roads has increased more than expected. Besides, (5)…………fuel price determines the market prices of other daily necessary products và increasing the price would only bring misery to the low & medium earning class population. Electronic wastages, industries, household electrical devices, deforestation, chemical wastages, unthoughtful activities of people are causing more damage lớn the mother earth than the gas omission by the cars. We should focus on those aspects as well before increasing the price of fuel just based on (6)……………assumption.

The main idea of increasing the fuel price is lớn reduce (7)…………….number of cars running in the street and to restrain the car owners from using the cars less. But that would prove lớn be (8)………..ridiculous solution especially when car owners are mostly high earning class và they would not bother about the fuel price.

The best solution to lớn address this utmost concerning issue is khổng lồ introduce (9)…………environment friendly energy source lượt thích solar energy system, to improve the public transportation system và train system so that people mostly use these systems instead of always using their own cars, increasing the awareness of the people so that they vì chưng not directly contribute to lớn harm the environment, và making strict rules so that deforestation, chemical wastages và other harmful ways of (10)……….environmental pollutions get reduced.

Exercise 9: mang lại dạng đúng của các từ vào ngoặc.

1. After Monday, I will no longer be a foreigner - I am receiving my ________________! (citizen)

2. My father"s death left me with a great_________________ in my heart. (empty)

3. Americans fought hard lớn earn their _________________from Britain. (free)

4. The weather ________________looks bad for a picnic--rainy and windy! (cast)

5. The new job is a ___________ for her. (promote)

6. The national ____________ in the face of danger is necessary. (solid)

7. He came first in the poetry __________. (compete)

8. After considerable ______________ they decided khổng lồ accept our offer.(discuss)

9. Fill in your name, address & __________ on the form. (nation)

10. Can I see your ____________card, please ? (identify)

Exercise 10: Tìm với sửa 5 lỗi không nên trong nội dung bài viết sau để chế tác thành một nội dung bài viết IELTS Writing task 1 trả chỉnh.

The line graph shows the percent of tourists lớn England who visited certain Brighton attracts between 1980 and 2010. We can see that in 1980 và in 2010 the favorite attractions were the pavilion & the festival. In 1980 the least popular attraction was the pier but in 2010 this changed and the art gallery was the least popular.

During the 1980s và 1990s there was a sharpen increase in visitors khổng lồ the pavilion from 28% to lớn 48% and then the percentage gradually went down to lớn 31% in 2010. The trend for the art gallery was similar to lớn the pavilion. Visitors increased rapidly from 22% to 37% from 1980 lớn 1985 then gradually decreased khổng lồ less than 10% over the next twenty-five years. The amount of tourists who visited the Brighton Festival fluctuated slightly but in general remained steady at about 25%. Visitor khổng lồ the pier also fluctuated from 1980 to 2000 then rose significantly from 12% to 22% between 2000 và 2010.

Exercise 11: Dịch những câu tiếp sau đây sang giờ Anh có sử dụng dạng Noun + Noun.

1. Tôi mới tậu một quyển từ bỏ điển dày 500 trang.

=>________________________________________________________________

2. Chuyến bay 3 giờ từ nước ta sang Singapore khiến cho cô ấy mệt mỏi.

=>________________________________________________________________

3. Gồm một tòa công ty 9 tầng sinh sống cuối phố.

=>______________________________________________________________

4. Khách sạn 5 sao là gần như khách sạn rất sang trọng.

=>______________________________________________________________

5. Sarah gồm một cậu đàn ông 3 tuổi.

=>______________________________________________________________

Exercise 12: đến dạng đúng của những từ trong ngoặc để chế tác thành một bài IELTS Speaking part 2 hoàn chỉnh.

Let me tell you about a language I’ve always wanted to learn, which is (1-Russia)___________. It’s spoken in Russia, obviously, but also in many other countries which have been influenced by Russia including places like Mongolia và Kazakhstan. It’s quite a difficult language to learn because the (2-alphabetical)_____________is not the Roman one, which means that you have lớn learn khổng lồ read & write from scratch, a but like studying Chinese or Japanese. Well, the reason I would lượt thích to learn Russian is that the energy (3-industrial)___________is huge and there are lots of jobs. A lot of my country’s oil và gas comes from Russia so it’s really useful to lớn be able to lớn speak that language if you want to lớn work in the energy field. I have actually been khổng lồ Russia before so I know from experience that a lot of Russians can’t speak English very well, so that’s another good (4-reasonable)__________to learn their language. The only (5-problematic)____________ is I’m already thirty years old and I’ve spent more than fifteen years learning English. I don’t know if I would ever be able to lớn learn Russian successfully because it’s a difficult language for anyone to lớn learn, especially someone older like me. But it would be really great lớn try.

ĐÁP ÁN

1. Exercise 1

1. Production2. Impression3. Entrance4. Knowledge5. Qualifications6. Achievement7. Possibility8. Disability9. Products10. Guidance

Exercise 2

1. Intelligence2. Opposing3. Accuracy4. Precision5. Likelihood6. Unemployment7. Redundancies8. Decisions

Exercise 3

1. Thành phố => cities2. Celebrate => celebrations3. Set => setting

Exercise 4

1. The bar chart illustrates the gross domestic sản phẩm generated from the IT & Service Industry in the UK from 1992 khổng lồ 2000.

2. It is measured in percentages. Overall, it can be seen that both increased as a percentage of GDP, but IT remained at a higher rate throughout this time.

3. At the beginning of the period, in 1992, the Service Industry accounted for 4 per cent of GDP, whereas IT exceeded this, at just over 6 per cent.

4. Over the next four years, the levels became more similar, with both components standing between 6 và just over 8 per cent.

5. IT was still higher overall, though it dropped slightly from 1994 to 1996.

Exercise5

1. There are many dirts on the floor. => There is a lot of dirt on the floor.

2. We want more fuels than that. => We want more fuel than that.

3. He drank two milks. => He drank two bottles of milk.

4. Ten inks are needed for our class. => Ten bottles of ink are…

5. He sent me many foods. => He sent me a lot of food.

6. Many golds are found there. => A lot of gold is found there.

7. He gave me a great deal of troubles. => He gave me a number of troubles.

8. Cows eat grasses. => Cows eat grass.

9. The rain has left many waters. => The rain has left a lot of water.

10. I didn"t have many luggages. => I didn’t have much luggage.

Exercise6

1. A paper2. Any paper3. Light4. Light5. Time6. A wonderful time7. Advice8. Very bad weather9. Bad luck10. Job11. Some12. Doesn"t13. Your hair; it14. The damage; was15. A piece of advice

Exercise7

1. The2. The 3. The4. X5. The

Exercise8

1. An 2. A 3. The 4. X 5.the6. An 7. The 8. A 9. An 10. X

Exercise9

1. Citizenship2. Emptiness3. Freedom4. Forecast5. Promotion6. Solidarity7. Competition 8. Discussion9. Nationality10. Identity

Exercise10

1. Percent => percentage2. Attracts => attractions 3. Sharpen => sharp 4. Amount => number 5. Visitor => Visitors

Exercise11

1. I have just bought a 500-page dictionary.2. The three-hour flight from Vietnam to Singapore made her tired/ exhausted. 3. There is a nine-storey building at the corner of the street. 4. Five-star hotels are very luxurious. 5. Sarah has a three-year-old son.

Exercise12

1-Russian 2-alphabet3-industry 4-reason5-problem

Trên đó là bài học và bài tập về danh từ, phương pháp sử dụng những loại danh từ bỏ trong tiếng Anh và áp dụng bài thi IELTS của mình. Các bạn hãy ghi nhớ để đạt được nền tảng bền vững và kiên cố cho kiến thức của mình nhé!